This course consists of two parts. Part I traces the development of Greek poetry from the first personal poems of Archilochus and Sappho to the lyric splendor of the Theban Pindar, then the flowering of drama in fifth-century Athens. Plays of each of the three great classical tragedians, Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides are read, as well as Aristophanes’ comedies that extracted humor from subjects surprisingly similar to those that agonized the audiences of tragedy. Part II traces Roman comedy, including the comic poets Plautus and Terence, and the rise of Roman tragedians like Seneca. Part of the Track One: Ancient Greece and Rome: The Foundations of Western Civilization of the European Studies Program.